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Helge Jensehaugen

Abstract

After the division of Cyprus in 1974 into a Greek Cypriot south and a Turkish Cypriot north, approximately 30,000 immigrants from Turkey moved to north Cyprus. The period between 1974 and 1980 is the time during which these immigrants arrived in northern Cyprus, and may be referred to as the first wave of immigration. This article seeks primarily to answer the question: Why did they immigrate to northern Cyprus? There are a lot of misperceptions about the movement of so many people from Turkey to north Cyprus; therefore it is important that this study creates an accurate and much-needed debate. In short, the first wave of immigration should be viewed as a result of the employment of state mechanisms as well as traditional pull factors: work opportunities, and a need for labour in north Cyprus. Once in northern Cyprus, these immigrants received housing, land, and aid plus help with other necessities such as food and supplies. 

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Keywords

immigration, Turkey, north Cyprus, settlers, Turkish Cypriots, refugees

References
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Interviews

Ishak, Nasr, UNHCR Representation in Cyprus, 18 April 2011.

Atakol, Kenan conducted on 12 March 2013.

Atun, Hakkı conducted on 22 February 2013.

Çağlayan family conducted on 17 February 2013.

Çakır family conducted on 17 February 2013.

Çelik, Vedat conducted on 11 March 2013.

Gazioğlu, Tamer conducted on 21 February 2013.

Gürel, Ayla conducted on 21 February 2013.

Hatay, Mete conducted on 15 February; 8 April 2013.

Onurhan, Erdal conducted on 18 April 2013.

Suiçmez, Halil conducted on 16 February 2013.

Suiçmez, Yusuf conducted 15 February 2013.

Yel, Kadir conducted on 8 April 2013.

Yeşil, Mustafa conducted on 8 April 2013.
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Articles