Barbara Karatsioli


Partitioned Cyprus has known two major crises in the last ten years: first, the 1999–2001 Turkish Cypriot crisis, and second, the Greek Cypriot watershed since 2009. Both have significantly transformed the identity and imaginary of the state. Given that crisis is a field of subjectivation and changing forces, can social movements go so far as to challenge the division and create the conditions for reunification? The 2002 Turkish Cypriot protests have claimed reunification whilst affirming the Turkish Cypriot people’s sovereignty. How does this movement spill over to affect the rapprochement ‘on the border’ and Greek Cypriots more generally? As the crisis strikes Greek Cypriots, and state sovereignty is rapidly contested through EU intervention, can Greek and Turkish Cypriots engage together towards reunification and the creation of a new state? Can we imagine a new state when in a state of crisis?



crisis, identity, state, sovereignty, peace, austerity, rapprochement, Cypriotism, protests

Bahcheli, T. and Noel, S. (2010) ‘The Political Evolution of Northern Cyprus and Its Effect on Turkish-Cypriot Relations with Turkey’, The Cyprus Review, Vol. 22, No. 2 (Fall), pp. 139–148.

Bauman, Z. (2004) Wasted Lives: Modernity and Its Outcasts. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Bozkurt, U. (2013a) ‘Neoliberalism with a Human Face: Making Sense of the Justice and Development Party’s Neoliberal Populism in Turkey’, Science & Society, Vol. 77, No. 3 (July), pp. 373–396.

Bozkurt, U. (2013b) ‘Cyprus: Divided by History, United by Austerity’, opendemocracy, 7 May.

Butler, J. and Chakravorty Spivak, G. (2007) Who Sings the Nation-State? Oxford: Seagull Books.

Charalambous, G. and Ioannou, G. (forthcoming) ‘No Bridge over Troubled Waters: The Cypriot Left Heading the Government 2008–2013’, Capital and Class.

Christoforou, Chr. (2005) ‘South European Briefing: The Vote for a United Cyprus Deepens Divisions: The 24 April 2004 Referenda in Cyprus’, South European Society and Politics, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 85–104.

Constantinou, C. (2010) ‘Cyprus Independence and the Problem of Sovereignty’, The Cyprus Review, Vol. 22, No. 2 (Fall), pp. 17–31.

Constantinou, C. and Papadakis, Y. (2001) ‘The Cypriot State(s) in Situ: Cross-Ethnic Contact and the Discourse of Recognition’, Global Society, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 127–148.

Demetriou, Ch. (2014 in print) ‘Political Contention and the Reconstruction of Greek Identity in Cyprus, 1960–2003’, in Kissane, B. (ed.), Reconstructing National Identities after Europe’s Internal Wars, 1918–2011. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, pp. 146–181.

Demetriou, O. (2007) ‘To Cross or Not To Cross? Subjectivization and the Absent State in Cyprus’, The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Vol. 13, No. 4 (December), pp. 987–1006.

Descombes, D. (1996) ‘L’Esprit Comme Esprit des Lois’ [The Spirit as Spirit of Laws] (interview) in Le Débat, No. 90, pp. 71–92.

Ferguson, J. (2001) ‘Global Disconnect: Abjection and the Aftermath of Modernism’, in Inda, J.X. and Rosaldo, R. (eds), The Anthropology of Globalization. New York: Blackwell, pp. 136–153.

Hadjipavlou-Trigeorgis, M. (1993) ‘Unofficial Intercommunal Contacts and their Contribution to Peace-Building in Conflict Societies: The Case of Cyprus’, The Cyprus Review, Vol. 5, No. 2 (Fall), pp. 68–87.

Hall-Cathala, D. (1990) Peace Movement in Israel, 1967–1987. Oxford: Macmillan.

Hatay, M. (2005) Beyond Numbers An Inquiry into the Political Integration of the Turkish ‘Settlers’ in Northern Cyprus, PRIO Report 4.

Hatay, M. (2008) ‘The Problem of Pigeons: Xenophobia and a Rhetoric of the “Local” in North Cyprus’, The Cyprus Review, Vol. 20, No. 2 (Fall), pp. 145–171.

Karatsioli, B. (2005) ‘Formes de Violence entre Chypriotes Grecs et Turcs en Cohabitation’ [Forms of Violence between Greek and Turkish Cypriots in Cohabitation], CEMOTI, No. 37, pp. 143–176.

Karatsioli, B. (2009) ‘Quand les Ennemis Habitent Ensemble’ [When the Enemies Live Together]. PhD Thesis, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris.

Karatsioli, B. (forthcoming [a]) ‘La Nouvelle “Guerre Juste” Européenne: la Périphérie Chypriote Comme Site d’Experimentation d’Innovation Fiscale’ [The New European ‘Just War’: Testing Fiscal Innovation in the Cypriot Periphery].

Karatsioli, B. (forthcoming [b]) ‘Unsettled States, Peace and Capitalism: Cyprus, Northern Ireland, Israel–Palestine’.

Ker-Lindsay, J. and Faustmann, H. (eds) (2009) The Government and Politics of Cyprus. Oxford: Peter Lang.

Ker-Lindsay, J., Faustmann, H. and Mullen, F. (2011) An Island in Europe: The EU and the Transformation of Cyprus. London: I.B. Tauris.

Keucheyan, R. (2013) ‘Lénine, Foucault, Poulantzas’, in Poulantzas, N. (2014) State, Power and Socialism. Paris: Les Prairies Ordinaires, pp. 7-36 (in French).

Kizilyurek, N. (2002) ‘National Memory and Turkish-Cypriot Textbooks’, in Koulouri, C. (ed.), Clio in the Balkans: The Politics of History Education, pp. 431–442.

Lacher, H. and Kaymak, E. (2005) ‘Transforming Identities: Beyond the Politics of Non-Settlement in North Cyprus’, Mediterranean Politics, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 147–166.

Loizides, N. (2007) ‘Ethnic Nationalism and Adaptation in Cyprus’, International Studies Perspectives, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 172–189.

Moudouros, N. (2013a) ‘The “Cypriot Version” of the AKP Model: Neoliberalism and the Turkish Cypriot Community’, The GW Post, 20 August.

Moudouros, N. (2013b) ‘Initiatives for Solving the Kurdish Question: A Contradiction or “an Ideological Consistency” of AKP?’ Entrance 25 September 2013. Available at: [http://researchturkey. org/wp/wordpress/?p=4140], accessed on 6 June 2014.

Navaro-Yashin, Y. (2012) The Make-Believe Space: Affective Geography in a Post-War Polity. London: Duke University Press.

Panayiotou, A. (2013) Οι Τράπζες τα ΜΜΕ και οι Προσπάθειες Συγκάλυψης, Μετατόπισης και Λογοκρισίας των Σκανδάλων [The Banks, the Mass Media and the Attempts to Cover, Displace and Censor Scandals]. Posted 10 March 2013. Available at: [http://koinonioloyika.blogspot.com/2013/ 01/blog-post_23.html], accessed on 6 June 2014.

Peristianis, N. (1995) ‘Δεξιά–αριστερά,ελληνοκεντρισμός–κυπροκεντρισμός: Το εκκρεμές των συλλογικών ταυτίσεων μετά το 1974’ [Right–Left, Hellenocentrism–Cyprocentrism: The Pendulum of Collective Identifications After 1974], in Peristianis, N. and Tsaggaras, Y. (eds), Ανατομία μιας μεταμόρφωσης: η Κύπρος μετά το 1974 [The Anatomy of a Metamorphosis: Cyprus After 1974]. Nicosia: Intercollege Press, pp. 123–156.

Sonan, S. (2007) ‘From Bankruptcy to Unification and EU-Membership? The Political Economy of Post Nationalist Transformation in Northern Cyprus’, RAMSES Working Paper 9/07, European Studies Centre, University of Oxford.

Sozen, A. (2006) ‘The Turkish Cypriot Legislative Election of February 2005: The Rise of CTP/BG’, South European Society and Politics, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 465–475.

Tahsin, E. (2012) ‘Making Sense of Turkey’s Changing Cyprus Policy: The EU Factor and the Shifting Preferences of the Power Bloc’, in Trimikliniotis, N. and Bozkurt, U. (eds), Beyond a Divided Cyprus: A State and Society in Transformation. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 135–150.

Tahsin, E. (2013) ‘The Dimensions of Neoliberalism Transformation in Case of Northern Cyprus’, presented at Symposium, 30 October–1 November, Neo-Liberal Transformation: Its Dimensions and Consequences. Lefke: European University of Lefke, pp. 1–25.

Trimikliniotis, N. (2010) ‘Ηπαρακμή του Κυπριακού καθεστώτος Εξαίρεσης: Από την οργανική κρίση στην υπέρβαση του «δόγματος της ανάγκης»;’ [The Demise of the Cypriot State of Exception: From Organic Crisis to Transcendence of the ‘Doctrine of Necessity’?], Cyprus Republic 50 Years of Independence. Athens: Papazisis Editions, pp. 209–234.

Trimikliniotis, N. and Bozkurt, U. (eds) (2012) Beyond a Divided Cyprus: A State and Society in Transformation. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Trimikliniotis, N., Ioakimoglou, E. and Pantelides, P. (2012) ‘A Political Economy of Division, Development and Crisis: Envisioning Reunification beyond the Cyprus Economic Miracle’, in Trimikliniotis, N. and Bozkurt, U. (eds), Beyond a Divided Cyprus: A State and Society in Transformation. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 217–247.

Ulusoy, K. (2009) ‘Europeanization and Political Change: The Case of Cyprus’, Turkish Studies, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 393–408.

Varnava, A. and Faustmann, H. (eds) (2009) Reunifying Cyprus: The Annan Plan and Beyond. London/New York: I.B. Tauris.

Yesilada, B. and Sozen, A. (2002) ‘Negotiating a Resolution to the Cyprus Problem: Is Potential European Membership a Blessing or a Curse?, International Negotiation, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 261–285.