Rationing and price fixing was implemented by many countries during the course of the Second World War, that affected the distribution of supplies such as food, fuel and textiles. This was done in order to avoid price gouging and the creation of black markets, even though the measures were implemented black markets still arose from the start of the war. Cyprus was a colony of the British Empire at the time, and imperial legislation that implemented rationing was enacted on the island. This article focuses on the rationing policy of the British in Limassol through the use of archival material dating to 1943 from the Municipal Archive of Limassol in order to demonstrate the implementation of this policy to the city. Additionally, a glimpse of the problems of the policy can be observed through the press of the time, where textile merchants, tailors and civilians expressed their opinions on the rationing system.
rationing, Second World War, British Empire, British Colonies, textile rationing, black market, Limassol, Cyprus
Municipal Archive of Limassol (MAL), File 572, Numbering according to the Municipality 225/41, Date of file: 1943 Jan. – Dec. Name of file: Υφάσματα (Fabrics).
Report on the Textiles Industry in Cyprus issued by the Supplies Transport & Marketing Department, (Unpublished report, 1947).
British Colonial Government Works
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Anonymous, ‘Βάσανα Υπαίθρου’ [Rural Suffering], Ελευθερία [Eleftheria], 5 April 1943, 2.
Anonymous, ‘Διανομή ειδών ιματισμού εν Λεμεσώ’ [Distribution of clothing items in Limassol], Ανεξάρτητος [Independent], 25 December 1943, 1.
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