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SOPHIA ARGYRIOU

Abstract

Historiography tends to examine Cyprus history through the light of the Cyprus Problem, thereby ignoring the role of British colonial power, which is examined in this paper. Imperialistic control was exercised through political sovereignty, economic penetration and military control of strategic outposts in an effort to secure critical points of passage for British trade or for military expeditions and it was accompanied by a wider programme of development that raised the colony’s standard of living. Only as late as the beginning of the 1950s did Britain make efforts to promote colonial prosperity and the neglected Cyprus, the so called Cinderella, was condemned to backwardness. Uncommonly the technological base of improvements was dictated by the compulsions of British imperial interests as well as the development of the Cold War, not the promotion of the welfare of the people.

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Keywords

Greek Cypriots, British colonial rule, colonialism, imperialism, nationalism

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