Stavros Stavrou


This article focuses on the services of women, as well as their gains in Cypriot social and economic fife. The article refers to the study of women's employment and its importance to feminist theory: it is concerned not only to identify the processes and structures which generate gender inequalities and gender segregation, but also to suggest appropriate strategies for equalising the position of women and men in paid work. According to social theory, the labour market is a site of complex and interrelated inequalities. In addition, gender inequalities in the labour market are linked to and reinforced by those in other areas, such as, for example, women's unequal access to education and training which, in turn, has important implications for women's participation in paid employment, affecting their choice of jobs and their opportunities foradvancement.



Cyprus, gender inequalities, labour market, women's employment

Abbot, P., and Wallace, C. (1990) An Introduction to Sociology: Feminists Perspectives. London: Routledge.

Adkins, L. (1995) Gendered at Work: Sexuality, Family and the Labour Market. Buckingham: Open University Press.

Allen, S., and Truman, C. (1993) Women in Business: Perspectives on Women Entrepreneurs, London and N.York: Routledge.

Angelidou, C. (1993) "Greetings to Pedagogical Academy of Cyprus." In A. Georgiou, G. loannides, I. Artemiou, I. Varellas and A. Ladommatos (eds), Leukoma. Nicosia: Cyprus Pedagogical Academy.

Attalides, M. (1977) Cyprus Reviewed. Nicosia: Jus Cypri Association

Attalides, M. (1981) Social Change and Urbanisation in Cyprus: A Study of Nicosia. Nicosia: Social Research Center.

Attalides, M. (1981b) "The relations between the Greek and Turkish Cypriots." In Tenekides G. and Kranidiodis G. (eds), Cyprus: History, Problems and Struggles of Its People. Athens: Kollarou & Sias A.E.

Balbo, L. (1987) "Crazy guilds: rethinking the welfare state debate from a woman's point of view." In A. S. Sassoon (ed.), Women and the State. London:

CEC (1995) Employment in Europe. Brussels: Commission of European Communities. n DGV.

Delphy, C. (1984) Close to Home. London: Hutchinson.

Dex, S., Lissenburgh, S., and Taylor, M. (1994) Women and Law Pay: Identifying the Issues. Manchester: Equal Opportunities Commission.

DSR-HR (1995) Health Report 1996, Department of Statistics and Research. Nicosia: PORC.

DSR-LR, (1980) Labour Report 1990, Department of Statistics and Research. Nicosia: PORC.

DSR-LR, (1990) Labour Report 1990, Department of Statistics and Research. Nicosia: PORC.

DSR-LR, (1993) Labour Report 1990, Department of Statistics and Research. Nicosia: PORC.

DSR-LR, (1994) Labour Report 1990, Department of Statistics and Research. Nicosia: PORC.

DSR-LR, (1995) Labour Report 1990, Department of Statistics and Research. Nicosia: PORC.

EEOC (1992) "Facts about sexual harassment." The Reporl of the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing

Equal Opportunities Commission (1993) Women and Men in Britain 1993. Manchester: Equal Opportunities Commission.

French, M. (1992) The War Against Women. London: Hamish Hamilton.

German, L. (1989) Sex, Class and Socialism. London: Verso

Gittings, D. (1985} The Family in Question. London: Macmillan.

Hagen, E., and Jenson, J. (1988) "Paradoxes and promises: work and politics in the postwar years.", in Jenson J. Hagen E. and Cealliagh R. (eds), Feminisation of the Labour Force: Paradoxes and Promises. Cambridge: Polity Press.

House, J.W. (1985) Cypriot Women in the Labour Market. Geneva: ILO.

House, J.W. (1987) Discrimination and Segregation of Women Workers in Cyprus. Nicosia: GPO.

House, W.J., and Stylianou, 0. (1987). The Changing Status of Women Workers in Cyprus. Nicosia: PORC.

Jackson, S. (1993) "Women and the family". In Richardson D., and Robinson, V. (eds) Women's Studies. London: The Macmillan Press Ltd.

Jackson, S. (1993) "Sexuality: Introduction." In S. Jackson (ed.) Women's Studies. Cambridge: Harvester Weatsheaf.

Leonard, D. (1978) "The regulation of marriage: repressive benevolence." In G. Littlejohn, B. Smart, J. Wakefield and N. Yuval-Davis (eds}, Power and the State. London: Croom Helm.

Leonard, D. (1980) Sex and Generation: A Study of Courtship and Weddings. London: Tavistock.

Malas, H. (1980) The Politics of Housework. London: Alison and Busby.

Mamuka, K. (1996) Women in Management. Unpublished MBA dissertation. Cyprus lntercollege.

Mansfield, P., and Collard, J. (1988) The Beginning of the Rest of Your Life: A Portrait of Newly-Wed Marriage. London: Macmillan.

Markides, C., et al. (1978). Lysi: Social Change in a Cypriot Village. Nicosia: Social Research Centre.

Martin, J., and Roberts, C. (1984) Women and Employment: A Lifetime Perspective. London: HMSO.

ML (1983) Survey on the Employment Status of Women in Cyprus. Ministry of Labour, Nicosia: PORC.

ML (1988) Survey on Graduating Students Abroad. Ministry of Labour, Nicosia: PORC.

Morris, A. (1995) "Rights and remedies: part-time workers and the Equal Opportunities Commission." Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law 17, 1: 1-16.

Mylona, L., Paschalis C., Kalava E., Patsalidou N., and Erotocritou A., (1986) The Cypriot Woman. Nicosia: Psychosociological Research Group.

Oakley, R. (1982) "Cypriot Families" in Rapoport et al. (eds), Families in Britain. London: RKP.

Palmer, C. (1992) Discrimination at Work. London: LAGEST Ltd.

Papadopoulos T. (1975) Cypriot Woman: Rise and Fall. Nicosia: SPO

Pascall, G. (1997) Social Policy: A new Feminist Perspective. London and New York: Routledge.

Peristianis N., and Zambela E. (1997) Sexual Harassment at Work in Cyprus. Unpublished Research. Research and Development Centre. Cyprus lntercollege.

Pyrgos, A.M. (1993) The Cypriot Woman at a Glance. Nicosia: Proodos.

Smith, D. (1988) The Everyday World as Problematic: A Feminist Sociology. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.

Stavrou, S. (1991) A Study on Readers' Attitude of the Youth Magazine Flash toward Sex Role Identity. Unpublished Post Graduate Diploma, University of East London.

Stavrou, S., Zambela, E., Avraamides, L., and Peristianis, N. (1996) Cypriot Women in Administrative Positions. Unpublished Research, Research and Development Centre, Cyprus lntercollege.

Stockman, N., Bonney, N., and Xuewen, S. (1995) Women's Work in East and West: The Dual Burden of Employment and Family Life. London: UCL Press.

Theophanous, A. (1994) Economic Miracle in Cyprus. Nicosia: lntercollege Press.

Theophanous, A. (1996) The anatomy of the economic 'miracle' 1974-1994. In N. Peristianis and G. Tsangaras (eds), The Anatomy of a Change: Cyprus After
1974. Nicosia: lntercollege Press.

Varnavidou, M., and Roussou, M. (1995) Cyprus National Report to the Fourth World Conference on Women. Nicosia: PORC.

Ungerson, C. (1987) Policy is Personal: Sex, Gender and Informal Care. London: Tavistock.

Walby, S. (1986) Patriarchy at Work: Patriarchal and Capitalist Relations in Employment. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Wallace, C. (1987) "From girls and boys to women and men: the social reproduction of gender." In M. Arnot and G. Weiner (eds), Gender and the Politics of School. London: Hutchinson.

Westwood, S. (1984) All Day, Every Day: Factory and Family in the Making of Women's Lives. London: Pluto Press.

Witherspoon, S. (1988) "A woman's work." In R. Jowell, S. Witherspoon and L. Brook (eds), Back Social Attitudes. Aldershot: Gower.

Witz, A. (1992) Professions and Patriarchy. London: Routledge.

Witz, A. (1993) "Women at work." In Richardson D. and Robinson V. (eds), Introducing Women's Studies. London: Macmillan.

Wolpe, A.M. (1988) Within School Walls. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.