This article introduces the concept of gender relations and cognate terms such as gender order, gender regime and gender complementarity. It applies them to militarisation and armed conflict, war-resistance and the pursuit of peace. A perceived link between militarism, nationalism and patriarchy is considered as prompting women-only antimilitarist organisation. A distinction is made between peace making and peace building, and women's contribution to the latter is illustrated. Women's life experience, rather than women's nature, is proposed as a source of the social courage and social intelligence that are specially productive in peace building.
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