##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Costas Melakopides

Abstract

In contrast to erstwhile arguments to the effect that the EU has no, or only limited, role to play in the settlement of the convoluted Cyprus Question, this essay will try to show, first, that, not only has the EU been actively involved in the concomitant issues for years, but this involvement has been perforce enhanced since the Republic of Cyprus joined the EU on 1 May 2004. Second, the profound legal, political and ethical anomaly caused by the continuing Turkish occupation of 37% of Cyprus should mobilise the EU even further, since the illegal occupation of Cypriot territory entails today the military occupation of EU territory. Third, the EU’s self-proclaimed principles and values should be applied fully to the Republic of Cyprus on pain of a striking normative selfcontradiction. Finally, while the EU’s obligation to facilitate the settlement of the Cyprus Question is demonstrable, its satisfaction will bring about enormous benefits, beyond the Greek and Turkish Cypriots, to Turkey, Greece, and the EU itself.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

'Normative power Europe', Cyprus Question, EU principles and values, Turkey's EU candidacy, Cyprus' 'ethical acquis'

References
Armstrong, D. (2009) ‘Normative Power Europe – or Normative Power Germany?’ in Melakopides, C. (ed.), The Cyprus Yearbook of International Relations 2008-2009. Nicosia: Power Publishing.

Brownlie, I. (1963) International Law and the Use of Force by States. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Celik, A.B. and Rumelili, B. (2006) ‘Necessary But Not Sufficient: The Role of the EU in Resolving Turkey’s Kurdish Question and the Greek-Turkish Conflicts’, European Foreign Policy Review, Vol. 11.

Commission of the European Communities (2005) Proposal for a Council Decision on the Principles, Priorities, and Conditions contained in the Accession Partnership with Turkey Brussels, 9 November 2005, COM.

Council of Europe, Parliamentary Assembly (2003) Committee on Migration, Refugees and Demography, Colonisation by Turkish settlers of the occupied part of Cyprus, Doc. 9799, 2 May 2003, Rapporteur: Mr Jaakko Laakso (Finland).

European Parliament (2006) Committee on Foreign Affairs, Report on Turkey’s Progress towards Accession, Final, A6-0269/2006, 13 September 2006, Rapporteur: Camiel Eurlings.

Higgins, R. (1984) ‘Intervention and International Law’ in Bull, H. (ed.), Intervention in World Politics. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 38-39.

Lucarelli, S. and Manners, I. (eds.) (2006) Values and Principles in European Union Foreign Policy. London/New York: Routledge.

Macdonald, R.St.J. (1981) ‘International Law and the Conflict in Cyprus’, Canadian Yearbook of International Law 1981.

Manners, I. (2002) ‘Normative Power Europe: A Contradiction in Terms?’, Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 40, No. 2, pp. 235-258.

Manners, I. (2006a) ‘The European Union as a Normative Power: A Response to Thomas Diez’, Millennium: Journal of International Studies, Vol. 35, No. 1, pp. 167-180.

Manners, I. (2006b) ‘European Union “Normative Power” and the Security Challenge’, European Security, Vol. 15, No. 4 (December), pp. 405-421.

Melakopides, C. (1996) Making Peace in Cyprus: Time for a Comprehensive Initiative, Martello Papers 15, Kingston, Canada: Centre for International Relations, Queen’s University.

Melakopides, C. (2000) ‘On the Mediterranean “Fuzzy Edge” of the EU: The Candidacies of Malta, Cyprus and Turkey’, Journal of European Integration, Vol. 22, pp. 299-334.

Melakopides, C. (2006a) Unfair Play: Cyprus, Turkey, Greece, the UK and the EU, Martello Papers 29, Kingston, Canada: Centre for International Relations, Queen’s University.

Melakopides, C. (2006b) ‘Turkey’s Identity Conundrum and the Foreign Policies of the “Many Ankaras”, in Melakopides, C., Emilianides, A. and Kentas, G. (eds.), The Cyprus Yearbook of International Relations 2006, Nicosia: Power Publishing.

Melakopides, C. (2006c) ‘Implications of the Accession of Cyprus to the European Union for Greek-Turkish and Euro-Turkish Relations’, Mediterranean Quarterly, Vol. 17, No. 1 (Winter), pp. 91-97.

Melakopides, C. (2008) ‘The Moral Obligations of the European Union to the Republic of Cyprus’ in Melakopides, C., Emilianides, A. and Kentas, G. (eds.), The Cyprus Yearbook of International Relations 2007, Nicosia: Power Publishing.

Nye, J.S., Jr. (1986) Nuclear Ethics. New York: Free Press.

Rustow, D.A. (1987) Turkey: America’s Forgotten Ally. New York: Council on Foreign Relations.

Smith, K.E. and Light, M. (eds.) (2001) Ethics and Foreign Policy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Smith, K. (2003) European Union’s Foreign Policy in a Changing World. Cambridge, UK: Polity.
Section
Articles