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Eleni Bouleti

Abstract

Certain key factors interacted for the forming of the early years of British administration in Cyprus. A significant element that affected the new regime was the form that the Cyprus Convention assumed, mainly due to the conditions under which it was signed. As far as the Muslim community was concerned, the Ottoman government made an effort through special articles in the Convention to safeguard its position in the new regime and maintain its role as the ruling community of the island. However that effort was made by the Ottoman government in haste, thus the British administration was given the opportunity to actually intervene more easily in the community’s affairs and to gradually control and ‘colonialise’ it, from within. The community’s reaction, although not unanimous, was manifested early, initially by the Cypriot Muslim elite of the Ottoman administration. The initial anti-colonial sentiments of the Muslim community were triggered by the infiltration of the British into its social, economic and religious core. In that general context, an effort is made to follow and depict that process in its initial steps until the outbreak of World War One.

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Keywords

Cyprus, Great Britain, Muslim Community, Evkaf, Vakıf, Colonialism, Cypriot Muslims, Islam

References
English National Archives

FO 78/5116

UK Parliament

Correspondence respecting the convention between Great Britain and Turkey of 4 June 1878, C. 2057, London: Harrison.

Cyprus National Archives

SA 1/1520/1882

SA 1/1519/1882

SA 1/1014/1882

SA 1/1219/1886

SA 1/1392/1885

SA 1/3297/1892

SA 1/434/1900

SA 1/907/1907

SA 1/617/1894

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