During the Cold War, Cyprus was repeatedly in the focus of the interests of the two major military blocs. Within these ideological disputes, the German question played a particular role. Makarios’ decision to follow a course of non-alignment through the island’s foreign policy meant that the two German states tried to influence the government of Cyprus for their own interests. When Cyprus allowed the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in 1964 to establish a trade representation in Nicosia the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) feared that East Germany might be officially recognised by the Republic of Cyprus. From this moment on the German class struggle reached Cyprus. In the period from 1964 to 1972, the political and economic relations of these three countries were influenced by the tense conflict between the two German states.
Cyprus, FRG, GDR, Berlin, class struggle, German-Cypriot relations, Cold War, communist threat, Non-Alignment Movement, Hallstein Doctrine
Foundation Archives of Parties and Mass Organisations of the
GDR in the Federal Archives (Berlin)
Lufthansa Archive (Frankfurt) Folder ‘Verkehr Europa Zypern’ [Traffic Europe Cyprus]
Political Archive of the German Foreign Ministry (Berlin)
PA, AV NA 1479
PA, AV NA 1480
PA, B26, 4
PA, B26, 116
PA, B26, 118
PA, B26, 200
PA, B26, 325
PA, M1a, 1A 12890
PA, M1a, 1A 12907
Ahonen, P. (2011) Death at the Berlin Wall. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kruse, Th. (2008) ‘Deutschland und der Zypernkonflikt (1955-1959). Aus den Akten des Auswärtigen Amtes’ [Germany and the Cyprus Conflict (1955-1959). The Records of the Federal Foreign Ministry], Thetis, Vol. 15, pp. 177-193.
Schwarz, H.-P. (1995) ‘Akten zur Auswärtigen Politik der Bundesrepublik Deutschland’ [Files on the Foreign Policy of the Federal Republic of Germany] 1964, Vol.. 2.
Haravghi, 19 December 1965.
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