##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Sophia Papastavrou

Abstract

The long-term consequence of the Cyprus conflict referred to by the international community as the ‘Cyprus problem’ rests on the bodies of Cypriot women. Cypriot women’s diverse experiences and roles in resistance of war and mobilisation of peace impacts post-conflict conditions. The issues relevant to Cypriot women in post-conflict who have experienced trauma and violence due to war, requires a practice and theory that goes beyond Western universal applicability. This study challenges capitalist heteronormative patriarchy and European models of civil society building that have kept Cypriot women on the margins. An investigation of Cypriot women’s voices cross war zones in the documentary film entitled Women of Cyprus (Katrivanou and Azzouz, 2009) bring to light the impact of ethno-nationalism and ethnic divisions and the complexities of women’s positionality in conflict. A transnational feminist perspective is used to advance theories of gender and serves as a critique for reconciliation in Cyprus.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

decolonization, Cypriot women, conflict, transnational feminism, feminist epistemiology, oral history, identity, nationalism, militarism, heteronormative patriarchy

References
Allen, B. (1996) Rape Warfare: The Hidden Genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia. Minneapolis: University Press.

Brubaker, R. (2005) ‘Identity’, in Cooper, F. (ed.), Colonialism in Question: Theory Knowledge, History. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Chen, K. (2010) Asia as Method: Toward De-Imperialization. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.

Cockburn, C. (2004) The Line: Women, Partition, and the Gender Order in Cyprus. London: Zed.

Euripides (2000 [1850]) Euripides: Bacchae. Translated by D. Franklin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Fanon, F. (1999) ‘Concerning Violence: The Wretched of the Earth’, in Stegar, M. and Lind, N. (eds), Violence and its Alternatives: An Interdisciplinary Reader. New York: St. Martin’s Press, pp. 157–168.

Giles, W. (2003) ‘Feminist Exchanges and Comparative Perspectives across Conflict Zones’, in Giles, W., De Alwis, M., Klein, E. and Silva, N. (eds), Feminists under Fire: Exchanges across War-zones. Toronto: Between the Lines, pp. 1–14.

Hadjipavlou, M. (2010) Women and Change in Cyprus: Feminisms and Gender in Conflict. London: Tauris Academic Studies.

Hadjipavlou, M. and Mertan, B. (2010) ‘Cypriot Feminism: An Opportunity to Challenge Gender and Inequalities and Promote Women’s Rights and a Different Voice’, The Cyprus Review, Vol. 22, No. 2 (Fall), pp. 247–268.

Harding, S. (1987) Feminism and Methodology. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Jusdanis, G. (2001) The Necessary Nation. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Katrivanou, V. (Director) and Azzouz, B. (Director) (2009) Women of Cyprus [motion picture]. Cyprus: Nicosia.

Lee, J. and Shaw, S. (2010) Women Worldwide: Transnational Feminist Perspectives on Women. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Loomba, A. (2005) Colonialism/Postcolonialism. London: Routledge.

Markides, K. (1977) The Rise and Fall of the Cyprus Republic. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Meintjes, S., Pillary A. and Turshen, M. (2001) ‘There is No Aftermath for Women’, in Meintjes, S., Pillary, A. and Turshen, M. (eds), The Aftermath: Women in Post-conflict Transformation. London: Zed Books, pp. 3–18.

Mohanty, C. (1997) ‘Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourse’, in. McClintock, A., Mufti, A. and Shohat, E. (eds), Dangerous Liaisons: Gender, Nation, and Postcolonial Perspectives. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, pp. 255–277.

Mohanty, C. (2003) Feminism without Borders: Decolonizing Theory, Practicing Solidarity. London: Duke University Press.

Morgan, T. (2011) Sweet and Bitter Island. London: Tauris Academic Studies.

Papastavrou, S. (2010) ‘Refugee Women, Violence, and War: A Return to Transnational Feminist Praxis’, Minerva Journal of Women and War, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 6–23.

Riley, R., Mohanty, C. and Pratt, M. (2008) ‘Introduction: Feminism and US Wars – Mapping the Ground’, in Riley, R., Mohanty, C. and Pratt, M. (eds), Feminism and War: Confronting US Imperialism. London: Zed Books, pp. 3–16.

Shopes, L. (2011) ‘Oral History’, in Denzin, N.K. and Lincoln, Y. (eds), The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks: Sage, pp. 451–465.

Spivak, G. (1988) ‘Can the Subaltern Speak?’, in Nelson, C. and Grossberg, L. (eds), Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture. Urbana: University of Illinois, pp. 271–316.

Spivak, G. (1994) ‘Can the Subaltern Speak?’, in Williams, P. and Chrisman, L. (eds), Colonial Discourse and Post-colonial Theory: A Reader. Hertfordshire: Harvester Wheatsheaf, pp. 66–111.

Turpin, J. (1998) ‘Many Faces: Women Confronting War’, in Lorentzen, L.A. and Turpin, J. (eds), The Women and War Reader. New York: University Press, pp. 3–18.

Vassiliadou, M. (2002) ‘Questioning Nationalism: The Patriarchal and National Struggles of Cypriot Women within a European Context’, The European Journal of Women’s Studies, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 459–482.
Section
Articles